We take a closer look at one of the industry’s most popular organic compound, malic acid
Malic acid. You may never have heard of it before, but the chances are you have drunk it or used it to wash your hair. In fact, it is one of the most popular organic compounds, and can be found in a wide variety of products.
Malic acid, also known as ‘hydroxysuccinic acid’, ‘dicarboxylic acid’ or ‘apple acid’, is an organic compound found in high-acid fruits such as apples –in fact, it’s what gives them their sweet-tart taste.
The word malic acid comes from the Latin word malum, which means apple. It is an alpha-hydroxy acid, a chemical compound of citric acid, glycolic acid, lactic acid and tartaric.
In its simplest form, it has the appearance of white crystals. It has many uses across a wide range of industries, making it a very versatile ingredient.
Here are three common uses:
The powerful effect malic acid has on the body’s ability to produce ATP and boost energy levels makes it popular among sports people and athletes.
We all have malic acid in our bodies, and it is an essential component in the Krebs cycle- a process that turns carbohydrates, proteins and fats into energy. Adding additional malic acid to your diet provides cells with more energy.
It is most commonly found in hypertonic and isotonic beverages.
Fibromyalgia is a medical condition characterised by widespread pain, fatigue and muscle stiffness. Properties found in malic acid help to ease pain for sufferers, and as result it is recommended by medical professionals to alleviate systems. Due to this, malic acid is commonly added to supplements.
ATP (Adenosine triphosphate) is the energy currency of the body. Fibromyalgia sufferers have low levels of ATP, which results in muscle tissue loss and chronic fatigue. Consuming a malic acid supplement helps the body produce more ATP, which aids fuel, muscle repair and helps decrease pain.
Hair and Skin Products
Malic acid is a common ingredient in a number of skin and hair products including shampoo, lotions and anti-aging creams.
The alpha hydroxyl acids stimulate exfoliation by effecting how your skin cells bond, helping to cleanse and rejuvenate. It helps to promote a high skin cell turnover rate, resulting in reducing fine lines, wrinkles and smooths skin texture. This makes it a popular choice for cosmetic manufacturers.